Success for an athlete depends on their ability to perform at their best when it matters most. Performance depends on the athlete's body having acquired the most beneficial adaptations for their sport. But how can an athlete or coach be sure that training results in the desired adaptations? Training can be defined as the stimulation of biological adaptations that result in an improvement in performance in a given task. Athletes and coaches have learned, mostly through trial and error, how to exploit the ability of the body to adapt in response to potentially harmful stimuli. The challenge lies in applying the right stimuli at the right intensity for the right amount of time: muscles respond to working more forcefully than normal by becoming bigger, stronger, and more resistant to damage, but over-training can lead to injury. This book provides the information necessary to decide on the most effective way to improve performance, underpinned by an understanding of the mechanisms behind adaptation and thoroughly supported by scientific research. The Physiology of Training for High Performance begins by introducing the reader to the concept and physiological bases of adaptation. The authors then delve into training for different outcomes, for example, improved endurance or speed, and relate the discussion to various sports and events. Finally, the authors summarize the latest research surrounding additional factors that affect an athlete's performance and potential, including tapering, nutrition, and body composition. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany The Physiology of Training for High Performance features: For students: BL Multiple choice questions to check understanding and aid revision BL Links to sources of further information For registered adopters of the book: BL Figures from the book, available for download Table of Contents PART I: ADAPTATION AND THE BASES OF PERFORMANCE ; 1. Introduction ; 2. Biochemical bases for performance ; 3. Cardiovascular bases for performance ; 4. Muscle physiology ; 5. Neuromuscular bases for performance ; PART II: PERFORMANCE TRAINING ; 6. Training for endurance sports ; 7. Training for anaerobic events and team sports ; 8. Training for strength, power and speed ; PART III: ADDITIONAL FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE ; 9. Peaking, tapering and overtraining ; 10. Stretching and flexibility ; 11. Other considerations Duncan MacDougall is Professor Emeritus at McMaster University, Canada, and former president of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. Digby Sale is Professor Emeritus at McMaster University, Canada.