Features numerous high-quality images and illustrations guiding diagnosis and case discussion. A highly practical guide covering current approaches and new developments in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of infectious diseases. Includes sections on community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. Infectious diseases have plagued man throughout history. In the era of modern medicine antibiotics and vaccines brought the hope of liberation from the great scourges of smallpox, polio, and tuberculosis. Yet, in the ensuing decades as we hoped to close the book on infectious diseases, we have instead been confronted by wave upon wave of new assailants. AIDS, SARS, pandemic influenza, and multi-drug resistant bacteria demonstrated how our technological advances have either fallen short in halting or even enhanced the spread of emerging pathogens. International air travel has collapsed geographic boundaries that once confined tropical infections to distant latitudes. Novel forms of immunosuppression, advances in organ transplantation, and victories in the cancer wars have led to an ever-expanding population at risk for opportunistic infections. In this collection of illustrated cases we give a cross-sectional view of the growing challenges that face the infectious diseases consultant. The modern physician is empowered by high resolution imaging and molecular diagnostic techniques that confer diagnostic capabilities Osler could have only dreamed of. Nevertheless we continue to grapple with the timeless struggles illuminated by Pasteur, Koch, and Fleming between man and the microscopic organisms of the world. Part of the new Oxford American Infectious Disease Library series, this book of illustrative cases will appeal to anyone working in a busy infectious diseases consultation service or practice including students, residents, fellows, faculty and other ID practitioners. Featuring numerous high-quality images and illustrations guiding diagnosis and case discussion, the handbook is meant to serve as a highly practical guide covering current approaches and new developments in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of a cross section of infectious diseases, including community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. Daniel Caplivski, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and W. Michael Scheld, Bayer-Gerald L Mandell Professor of Infectious Diseases, University of Virginia Health System Daniel Caplivski, MD, is Director, Travel Medicine Program, and Assistant Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases, at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. W. Michael Scheld, MD, is Bayer-Gerald L. Mandell Professor of Infectious Diseases, Professor of Internal Medicine, Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery, and Director of Pfizer Initiative in International Health at the University of Virginia. Contributors: Mary Beth Beasley, MD.; Nicole Bouvier, MD.; David P. Calfee, MD, MS.; Rachel Chasan, MD, MPH.; Najah I. Doka, MD, MPH.; Joshua D. Dowell, MD, PhD.; Joshua C. Eby, MD.; Daniel Seth Fierer, MD.; Michael M. Gaisa, MD, PhD.; Jeffrey Gumprecht, MD.; Marco Harmaty MD.; Shirish Huprikar, MD.; Jennifer Jao, MD, MPH.; Luciano Kapelusznik, MD.; Robert S. Klein, MD.; Ronni Lieberman, MD.; Michael H. Lief, MD.; Amy Mathers, MD.; Stephen E. Mercer, MD, PhD.; Michael P. Mullen, MD.; Florence Nana, MD.; Gopi Patel, MD.; Rupa Rajesh Patel, MD.; Sean Pawlowski, MD.; Robert G. Phelps, MD.; Marion-Anna Protano, MD.; Meenakshi Mehrotra Rana, MD.; Lindsey Reese, MD.; Keith Sigel, MD.; Irini Scordi-Bello, MD, PhD.; Nancy Sun, MD.; Mahesh Swaminathan, MD.; Katherine Zamecki, MD.; Chad Zatezalo, MD.